Redistricting Matters to Utah County Businesses
Whereas, state governments redraw district boundaries every ten years based on the results of the most recent census and reapportionment results, and
Whereas, using results from the 2010 census, the Utah State Legislature is redrawing districts for the United States House of Representatives, the Utah House of Representatives, the Utah Senate, and the Utah State Board of Education, and
Whereas, redistricting ensures that each citizen’s vote carries the same weight and preserves the ideal of “one person, one vote”, and
Whereas, the Utah legislature has created a redistricting committee made up of legislators from around the state, and
Whereas, there has been established, fundamental core standards to which, the 2011 Redistricting Committee must adhere as they draw maps; namely
1. Congressional Districts must be nearly equal as practical with a deviation not greater than +- .1%
2. State legislative districts and state school board districts must have substantial equality of population among the various districts with a deviation not greater than +-3.5%.
3. Districts will be single member districts.
4. Plans will be drawn to create four Congressional Districts, 29 State Senate Districts, 75 State House Districts and 15 State School Board Districts.
5. In drawing districts, the official population enumeration of the 2010 decimal census will be used.
6. Districts will be contiguous and reasonably compact.
And whereas, the 2010 census tally found that total resident Utah population is 2,763,885, and
Whereas, the same census found that the total resident Utah County population is 516,564, and
Whereas, the same census found that an ideal district size for a Congressional seat is 690,971, for a State Senate seat 95,306, for a State House seat 36,852, for a State School Board seat 184,259, and
Whereas, as mentioned above a redistricting plan must take into account traditional redistricting criteria such as compactness, contiguity, and respect for political subdivision lines and communities of interest, and
Whereas, Utah County is clearly a reasonably compact, contiguous community of interest with political subdivision lines, and
Whereas, the way lines are drawn can keep a community together or split it apart, leaving it without a representative who feels responsible for its concerns, and
Whereas, the way lines are drawn can change who wins an election, and
Whereas, based on census criteria, Utah County merits most of one Congressional District, and
Whereas, based on census criteria, Utah County merits representation of 5.42 State Senate seats, and
Whereas, based on census criteria, Utah County merits representation of 14.02 State House seats, and
Whereas, multiple preliminary redistricting proposals for Congress, State Senate and State House split up Utah County in ways that significantly diminish its reasonably compact, contiguous community of interest with political subdivision lines,
Whereas, Utah County has no representation on the 2011 Senate redistricting committee despite being the state’s second largest county, representing nearly one in five state residents, and
Whereas, in 2001 Utah County received less representation than it merited in Congress and State Senate with districts created with a majority of people outside Utah County, forcing a significant proportion of Utah County to be represented by people who live outside Utah County, and
Whereas, 2001 redistricting has caused Utah County to be under represented in State and Federal government for the last 10 years, and
Whereas, in the interest of accountability and fairness, Utah County’s citizens merit representation of those who live in Utah County.
Therefore, let it be resolved that the Utah Valley Chamber of Commerce strongly urges the Utah Legislature and the 2011 Redistricting Committee to do the following:
Ensure that all of Utah County is in one Congressional District.
Ensure that Utah County receives at least five State Senate seats each of which are wholly inside Utah County or more than five State Senate seats with the majority of people in each district in Utah County.
Ensure that Utah County receives at least 14 State House seats each of which are wholly inside Utah County or more than 14 State House seats with the majority of the people in each district in Utah County.
Furthermore, let it be resolved that if Utah County does not receive the representation it merits, we encourage Utah County business and government leaders to use all means at their disposal to fight for merited Utah County representation.
Furthermore, be it resolved that a copy of this resolution be sent to each member of the redistricting committee and each member of elected and appointed leadership in both the Utah House and Senate, Governor Herbert, Utah County Commissioners and the Mayor of each Utah County city.